Which Statement Best Defines What an Intergovernmental Organization Is

Intergovernmental organizations in the legal sense must be distinguished from mere groupings or coalitions of States such as the G7 or the Quartet. These groups or associations were not created by a governing document and exist only as working groups. Intergovernmental organizations must also be distinguished from treaties. Many treaties (such as the North American Free Trade Agreement or the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade before the creation of the World Trade Organization) do not establish an organization and are based solely on the fact that the parties are legally recognized as an ad hoc commission for their administration. Other treaties [which ones?] created an administrative apparatus that did not receive international legal personality. [Citation needed] Interagency coordination refers to the interaction between U.S. government agencies engaged with the goal of achieving a goal. The Department of Defense will always be the lead agency in any operation it is involved in, at home and abroad. An intergovernmental organization (IGO) or an international organization is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (called member states) or other intergovernmental organizations. IGOs are formed by a contract that acts as a charter to form the group. Treaties arise when the legal representatives (governments) of several States go through a ratification process that confers on the IMO an international legal personality. Intergovernmental organizations are an important aspect of international law.

The first international organization of a global character was the International Telegraph Union (the future International Telecommunication Union), which was created by the signing of the International Telegraph Convention by 20 countries in May 1865. ITU also served as a model for other international organizations such as the Universal Postal Union (1874) and the emergence of the League of Nations after the First World War, conceived as an institution to promote collective security in order to maintain peace, and as the successor to the United Nations. While treaties, alliances and multilateral conferences had existed for centuries, IGOs did not begin to form until the 19th century. The first regional international organization was the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine, which was created after the Napoleonic Wars. IGOs cover multiple topics and involve governments from all regions of the world, including offices in the United States. Among the oldest IGOs are the United Nations, which replaced the League of Nations, the Universal Postal Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Founded in 1874, the Universal Postal Union is now a specialized agency of the United Nations. Other well-known international organizations are the European Union (EU), the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Instead of national jurisdiction, legal responsibility should be ensured through legal mechanisms within the intergovernmental organization itself[5] and through access to administrative tribunals. In the course of numerous court cases in which private parties have sought to assert claims against international organizations, it has gradually become clear that alternative means of dispute settlement are needed, as States have fundamental human rights obligations to grant complainants access to justice with respect to their right to a fair trial. [6] [7]:77 Otherwise, the immunities of organizations before national and international courts could be called into question. [7]:72 Some organizations consider legal proceedings relating to their organization to be confidential and, in some cases, have threatened to take disciplinary action if an employee discloses any of the relevant information.

This confidentiality has been criticized as a lack of transparency. [8] There are several reasons why a State may choose to become a member of an intergovernmental organization. But there are also reasons why membership may be rejected. Held and McGrew counted thousands of IGOs worldwide in 2002[2] and this number continues to grow. This is due to globalization, which strengthens and promotes cooperation between and within States, and which has also facilitated the growth of IGOs due to the intensification of international relations. This can be seen economically, politically, militarily as well as at the national level. Economically, IGOs acquire tangible and intangible resources for economic prosperity. IGOs also ensure greater political stability within and between states. [3] Military alliances are also formed by establishing common standards to ensure the safety of members in order to counter external threats. Finally, education has encouraged autocratic states to move towards democracies in order to form an effective and internal government. [4] Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) The term intergovernmental organization (IGOs) refers to a unit created by a treaty in which two or more nations are involved to work in good faith on issues of common interest.

Alliance. Name. An agreement between two people, groups or countries through which they agree to work together to achieve something. Intergovernmental organizations differ in function, composition and membership criteria. They have different objectives and fields of application, often described in the Treaty or Charter. Some IGOs are designed to meet the need for a neutral forum for debate or negotiation to resolve disputes. Others have developed to pursue common interests with common objectives, to preserve peace through conflict resolution and better international relations, to promote international cooperation on issues such as environmental protection, the promotion of human rights, the promotion of social development (education, health care), humanitarian aid and economic development. .